The principle of task principle design is that the acquisition of spatial knowledge involves multiple factors, including landmarks, paths, edges, nodes and regions. The combination and order of these elements provides integrated spatial information. However, the direct acquisition of spatial knowledge is not limited to discrete non-spatial landmarks, it also involves the ability to visualize objects and transform them in your mind, from 2D to 3D.
Attention and concentration play an important role in the acquisition of spatial knowledge. Although environmental knowledge can be acquired automatically to some extent, people can acquire little or no spatial information without paying attention to the environment or being distracted.
Strategies for decoding spatial knowledge require training and development. With specific training methods, people can improve their spatial cognition and learn to visualize and transform objects in the environment into mental images.
Tasks 1 to 5 Step by step, tasks 1, 2, 3: terrain features, important markers (item collection, enhanced attention to the surrounding environment), direction indication
Task 2: Path knowledge
Task 4: Surface sequence information and selection points
Task 5: Information integration